Translation into English by
Norman Henderson


 Web: Geir Neverdal (lektor/cand.philol) - Sel Historielag


Objects associated with
The Scottish March
Many of these objects can be seen in The Scottish March Collection at the Sinclair Inn at Kvam.



Background - The Battle - Myths?Significance - Objects - Literature - Scotland - Programme2012


When Nicolai Christian Lassen wrote his Diary from his journey through the valley in 1777 he pointed out that

“There are many Swords and Flints (Flintlock rifles) which were captured in the Victory the Inhabitants won for themselves in Kringen against the Scots Anno 1612 under Farmer Sheriff Lars Haje’s Leadership” (Nicolai Christian Lassen p.7)



Contents of this page:

    Weapons etc. associated with The Scottish March
Discoveries in the Kringen area in later times?
Jewellery and brooches/pins
National costume from 1912
Paintings associated with The Scottish March
  Postcards, also from the 1912 Anniversary
Music associated with Pillarguri and Sinclair
Various items associated with Pillarguri and The Scottish March


  Weapons etc. associated with The Scottish March and Kringen  

Wheel-lock rifle
Battle axe
Powder horn




  Wheel-lock rifle from The Scottish March:  


“5 rifles are mentioned in the Artillery museum’s catalogue from 1904. “Smoothbore rifles with wheel-locks, long barrels. Left behind by the Scots during their raid in Gudbrandsdalen in 1612”.
Complete length of the rifle: 205cm. (80,7 inches)

Five rifles are preserved - four are owned by the Ministry of Defence, the fifth is in the The Scottish March Collection, Kvam.
This rifle was at one time given to a previous, though now long deceased, Head of the Air Force:
Lieutenant General Odd Bull”

(The Scottish March Collection, Kvam.)

  Powder bottle for musketeers

(The Scottish March Collection, Kvam.)

Scottish type - St. Andrew’s cross  


(The Scottish March Collection, Kvam.)


  (Skottetogsamlingen i Kvam)    
  Powder horn

“Scottish (English) powder horn from the 1600s.
The horn is marked with simple engravings,
amongst others the Tudor rose (the English rose)”.

(The Scottish March Collection, Kvam.)


  Battle axe from 1550

Today this type of axe is employed as the Coat of Arms of Telemark Fylke.

(The Scottish March Collection, Kvam.)



  Discoveries in the Kringen area in later times?

Angell tells us that when the road through Kringen was to be rerouted in 1854/55, human remains and bones were found. It would appear that the fiercest fighting took place in the Northern part of Kringen, where most of the remains were found, while fewer discoveries were made the further South one went. (Angell p. 38).


There can however, be several explanations for this. The old road/track lies somewhat higher up than the new one in the Southern part of Kringen and consequently was undisturbed by the road building - the bare rock is exposed here - and there is hardly enough earth to cover any remains. It is also possible that the Storofsen landslide in 1789 scraped away some of the earth which might otherwise have covered the rock there.

The Big Flood "Storofsen" took place 20th - 24th of July 1789. The lake Mjøsa rose to 10 meters above normal level.
63 people were killed and more than 3000 houses were destroyed.
(Store norske leksikon)

  Jewellery and brooches associated with The Scottish March and Kringen  
  Brooch from the 1930s or 40s (Sigrid Undset?)

Historical note

Brooches of this type were produced from the end of the 1800s, and are still made today. It was during the period between the two World Wars that these brooches were most popular.
Merete Frisenberg Sundgård remembers that this type of box was in use by Frisenberg in the 1950s.




Donation to the museum:

Bjerkebæk was handed over to Maihaugen 1998 -
Ownership: 1930 - 1949 Dates uncertain
Ownership: 1949 - 1996
Place of use, certain: Lillehammer, Bjerkebæk
Ownership: 1996 - 1998
Production; 1900 - 1960 Dates uncertain


Diameter Brooch: 5.0 cm.
Material: Jewellers’ Silver- Stamped - 830S
Classification: Jewellery (OU 301)


© Maihaugen - 2010, UB - 00609
Jewellery (principal/overall/general designation)
Breast pin (precise designation)
Brooch (precise designation)

Breast pin or brooch in silver with Pillarguri motif.
The pin lies in a box from Goldsmith J. Frisenberg.
The box is light blue.

Information and photograph obtained from Maihaugen.

  An old pin

(We will be very grateful for any information regarding who produced this - and when).

Thanks go to Gunnar Sandbo who owns the pin.
Gunnar Sandbo, Kjell Sandum and Stian Høglien play a central role in collecting old postcards associated with Kringen and The Scottish March. They are preparing a sizeable exhibition of these in connection with the Anniversary in 2012.

  An old brooch

(Thanks go to John Monn for the loan of the brooch)

  A pin from 1912

(Thanks go to John Monn for acquiring this)


A similar design is sold by “Per Bjørvik
Souvenir Production” - oxidised brooch,
59 mm.


(Thanks go to Per Bjørvik for the loan of the photograph)


Old brooch from Sel

(Thanks go to Palmar Ruste for the loan of the photograph)


Pillarguri pin 1 - ca. 25 mm wide - from Sel
Christening gift from 1969

(Thanks go to Palmar Ruste for the loan of the photograph)


Pillarguri pin 2 - ca. 35 mm wide - from Sel
Christening gift from 1990

(Thanks go to Palmar Ruste for the loan of the photograph)

  Pillarguri pin - Christening gift
“Has been owned by the family for quite some time”


Photo is coming

  Anniversary pin
Gudbrandsdalen Society in the USA 1909 - 2009

Read more


Maling på glass, tre og terracotta

Pillarguri jewel box
Painted on glass, wood and tile


Photo is coming

  Pillarguri pin - Sel kommune


  This example of local National costume is approx. 100 years old and was made specially for the 300th. Anniversary at Kringen in 1912. It was donated to Sel Kommune by Kristine and Lars Grøneng - and will be an important item in the exhibition in 2012. (Thanks go to Eva Martinsen, Cultural Secretary in Sel Kommune, who stepped in at short notice as model for this photograph).  
  The “Bird Room” in the Royal Palace in Oslo    
  The “Bird Room” is one of the most well-known rooms in the Palace, not only because of the decoration but also because of its function as a waiting room for those seeking an audience. The room is also used for official photography of the Royal family.
  In connection with the planning of the room the architect, Linstow, wrote:

“...I suggest therefore that the Room be decorated on the Walls with Landscapes, depicting Norwegian Scenes”

The decoration of the “Bird Room” was carried out by Johannes Flintoe in 1843 (i.e. during the period of union with Sweden). The subjects bear the stamp of national romanticism which were prevalent at the time and mirror a growing national self-awareness and increased interest in Norwegian nature and history.
The paintings on the walls give the impression that one is standing in an open arbour looking out at the Norwegian landscape. Through the trelliswork, which is entwined with hops, there is a view of the country’s most well-known areas of natural beauty: Gaustadtoppen, Vøringsfossen, Vedalsfossen, Jutulen,
Kringen, Myrhorn, Filefjell, Drivdalen, Vindhella and Feigum.

Information and photograph from the Royal Family’s website.

  The Garden Room at Frydenhaug near Drammen - inspired by the “Bird Room” in the Royal Palace in Oslo  
  A few years later, between 1846 and 1848, timber merchant and ship owner Nils Kjær built a main building (living accommodation on the farm) in classic style, recounts Arnfinn Engen in the article about Halldor Hjerleid. (Yearbook for Gudbrandsdalen 2001 pp.55-59)

The decor is designed in such a way that the impression is that, from inside the room, it appears that one is outside - looking at three different landscapes: Vestfjorddalen with Gaustatoppen in Telemark,
Kringen with the Sinclair Monument in Sel and a wide panorama showing Romsdalen with Trolltindene and Romsdalshorn. The paintings are signed “H. Hjerleid 1848”.

Hjerleid was the founder of the Hjerleid Domestic Arts and Crafts School at Dovre. He worked also as a journeyman on the decoration of the Palace in Oslo before he, in 1847, became a Master painter and started his own company. So he was very familiar with the “Bird Room”.
(Yearbook for Gudbrandsdalen 2001 pp.55-59).

Halldor Hjerleid (1821-1888)

  Frydenhaug farm was lived in until 1947, but is today run as a school for handicapped children.  
  The painted glass panel from Valle in Vågå    
  According to tradition this was made by a Scot whose life Ingebret Valde saved at Kvam, the day after the battle at Kringen. (Read more about this here in Norwegian).

“The photo....shows the 10.5 x 12.5 cm. painted glass panel inset in a window. The back side of the panel faces out to the street and is of unbreakable, rough glass. The decoration.... is an angel supporting a shield with a symbol on it. Above there is a near semi-circular 11 x 5,5 cm glass pane showing a woman’s head surrounded by flowers and fruit. (Teigum 2, p.116)

(Photo: Ivar Teigum)


This stained glass window from Valle in Vågå is to be found today in St. Edmund’s Church in Oslo. It was moved there in the late 1800s. (Teigum 2 p.116).

  Kringen 26th. August 1912 - King Haakon unveils the new Kringen Monument created by Kristen Holbø  
  On the 30th. December 1915 Erik at Otta sent this card - with good New Year’s wishes to Kai at the “High School at Aas”.
(The postcard is the property of Jon Selfors)
  The road and river at the location of the old Kringen Monument (from 1826/27)  
  The picture was taken before 1911 - when the card was stamped by Hamar and Gjøvik Post Offices. It was sent from Ingeborg to Hilda (both seem to be employed at dairies). The text tells about the production of Gauda cheese and visit of the master cheese maker - and expresses the hope that they will see each other again soon.
(The postcard is the property of Jon Selfors)
  Winter photograph from Kringen  
  The photograph was taken in 1912 or a little later.
There is no text on the back of this card.

(The postcard is the property of Jon Selfors)
  From the procession in 1904 at the opening festivities of De Sandvigske Samlinger (Maihaugen), Lillehammer  
  The photograph shows the leader of the Ringebu procession, Mrs. Sinclair and Pillar-Guri.
The text on the card refers to a delivery of cheese from Tromsnes and information about payment.

(The postcard is the property of Jon Selfors)
  Swedish postcard (Malmø) from Kringen. This photograph is probably older than 1912.  
  “Gudbrandsdalen, the place where Colonel Sinclair was beaten”
To the right at the “end” of the road, the old Sinclair Monument can just be seen.
This card carries a greeting from Marius to Birger in Weyburn in Canada.

(The postcard is the property of Jon Selfors)

Lisa Helljesen: song; Jørn Jensen: song/guitar/dulcimer; Trond Villa: fiddle; Morten Bing: mandolin/bouzouki/guitar; Eilif Amundsen: banjo/guitar; Trond Øverland: bass.

Producer: Øystein Sunde

  01 Skøn Jomfru (Beautiful Virgin)
02 Ravnen (The Raven)
03 Springar (A folk dance)
04 Sjugur og trollbrura (Sjugur and the troll bride)
05 Nissedans (Nisse dance)
06 Harpa (The Harp)
07 Sinclairvisa (The Sinclair Ballad)
08 Reinlender (A folk dance)
09 Allison Gross
10 Steffa går til Seljord (Steffa walks to Seljord)
11 Reven og bjørnen (The Fox and the bear)
12 Heimatlåta (Homeward melody)



1975 at the Munch Museum:
Trond, Eilif, Lars, Morten, Morten and Trond.
(With thanks to Folquefor the loan of the photograph.)

  The Sinclair Ballad recorded on the Faroe Islands  

(Information to come later)

The Faroe Islands

  Sataøen, S     PRILLARGURI - Springar from Hallingdal    COLUMBIA   GN   84   1935  
  Prillarguritrall (Prillarguri melody - see page 148 on the link page)

“This melody tells, stage by stage, what happened during the battle at Kringen. Magny de la Nuez heard part of this played by a Scottish bagpipe band when she lived in Canada”.

  The Sinclair March and Pillarguri "slått" (folk tune)  
  The following list is taken from the catalogue of music performed by Johan Halvorsen (composer, musician, conductor and Director of Music):  

: 14/11, 19/11, 20/11, 22/11, 23/11, 25/11, 27/11, 29/11, 30/11, 3/12.
: 13/8.
: 27/10, 5/11, 14/11, 18/11, 20/12.
: 20/8, 23/8, 27/8, 8/12, 18/12.
: 10/5, 21/5, 13/8, 15/8, 3/9, 8/12, 29/12.
: 7/8, 12/8, 16/8, 24/8.
1912: 13/8, 17/8, 6/9, 12/9, 15/9, 18/9, 19/9, 22/9, 25/9, 27/9, 30/9, 2/10, 4/10, 7/10, 16/10.
: 18/5, 30/11.
: 2/6, 4/6, 18/6.

It can be seen here that the March was performed
particularly often during 1903 ( two years before
the dissolution of the Union with Sweden) - and in
1912 (at the time of the 300th. Anniversary of the
Battle of Kringen).


Johan Halvorsen 1864-1935

  It is evident that we have many folk music
versions associated with The Scottish March

Ola Grøsland has collected some of these:

Ola Grøsland

  Knut Kjøk


Goroleikjinn after Erling
Kjøk/ Ola Nystugun (CD)
  Amund Bjørgen


Pillarguri-slått after Ola
Moløkken (Kappleik recording)
  Jakob Skogum Pillarguri-slått after Per
Bræmden (CD)
   Nina Owren Furuli Pilllarguri halling (from her
examination concert at the Ole Bull Academy at Voss in 2004).
  Lom Spelmannslag Sinclair halling in the arrangement by Ola Eide (CD). This was one of  two slåtter which were used
during the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympic Games at Lillehammer in 1994. 50 folk musicians from the whole valley performed with play-back.
   Ola Eide Pillarguri (old NRK recording).  
     Magnus Holshagen Melody used  for the Sinclair folk song by Edvard Storm.
     Hilmar Aleksandersen Pillar-Guri (CD).  
  George Russell - "Trip to Prillarguri"

Trip to Prillarguri is a live album by George Russell originally recorded in 1970 and subsequently released on the Italian Soul Note label in 1982, featuring a performance by Russell with Stanton Davis, Jan Garbarek, Terje Rypdal, Arild Andersen, and Jon Christensen. The Allmusic review awarded the album 3 stars.

Jan Garbarek


- a folk metal band from the Faroe Islands.
Their subject matter revolves almost entirely around old Nordic lore, mythology, and history, taking their name from a Norse god of war.



Track listing (from Wikipedia)

# Title Words Music Length
1 Gandkvæði Tróndar J.H.O. Djurhuus (1881–1948) Traditional Faeroese, arr. Heri Joensen 4:10
2 Sinklars Vísa Edvard Storm Traditional Danish, Heri Joensen 4:54
3 Ocean Heri Joensen Heri Joensen, Traditional Faeroese 10:07
4 Gátu Ríma Traditional Faeroese Traditional Faeroese, Heri Joensen 5:38
5 Brennivín Heri Joensen, Björn S. Blöndal (1893–1980) Heri Joensen, Traditional Icelandic 4:58
6 Fípan Fagra Traditional Faeroese Traditional Faeroese, Heri Joensen 5:49
7 Valkyrjan Heri Joensen Heri Joensen, Traditional Faeroese, Edvard Grieg, Traditional Norwegian 5:05
8 Lokka Táttur Traditional Faeroese Traditional Faeroese, Swedish, Heri Joensen 6:04
9 Land Heri Joensen, J.H.O. Djurhuus (1881–1948), Hávamál Heri Joensen, Traditional Faeroese 16:17
10 Hail to the Hammer Heri Joensen Heri Joensen, Traditional Faeroese 5:19


  Cloth badges    
  Det ble laget merker med motiv fra Kringen til å sy på jakker, anorakker og lignende. Populært i 1950- og 60-årene. Rød, hvit og blå bord (flaggfargene) rundt motivet.

Badges were made featuring designs from Kringen, bordered by red, white and blue (the flag colours). These were popular in the 1950s and 60s and were sewn on to jackets, anoraks, etc.


Thanks go to Rondane Brukt og Antikk for the
loan of the photograph

  Illustrated strips    

What happened at Kringen was used in one of the booklets in the illustrated series “Vangsgutane”.

 Leif Halse from North Møre wrote the text and Jens R. Nilssen was the illustrator.

Publisher: Fonna Forlag ( )


Thanks go to Steinar Halse og Arthur Mo for the
loan of the photograph


Thanks go to Steinar Halse og Arthur Mo for the
loan of the photograph

  Wooden figure    
  Pillarguri - made by Henning Norsk Treskjæring.

Thanks go to Henning and Bjarne Espedal  for the loan of the photograph.

HENNING is a Norwegian woodcarving company run by the Engelsen family.

The woodcarver Bjarne Espedal has been working at HENNINGs since 1980. Originally educated as a MA in Physics, he was passed the craft from his father-in-law, Henning Engelsen (1918-2005).

Gift figures are also sold by “Scandinavian South - America’s largest and most complete Scandinavian Gift Shop in the South”.  Source

  Pillarguri bicycle  
  Thanks go to Magne Teigen for the loan of the photograph.
Magne Teigen is one of the driving forces behind "Sjoa og Heidal Gammeltekniske Forening" and has a large archive of photographs together with a considerable store of information connected to items this society has collected and preserved.

  Pillarguri Ovnsfabrikk (Stove Factory)
  I august 1927 fikk Pillarguri Ovnsfabrikk ved Ola Haugaløkken bronsemedalje ved Lillehammer byjubileumsutstilling "for elektrisk takke for flatbrødbakning, elektrisk Pillarguriovn, kombinert kokeovn for ved og elektrisk fyring."

Ved samme utstilling fikk de sølvmedalje for en kombinert kamin for ved og elektrisk fyring

Ola Haugaløkken hadde lært å lese av sin mor  – før han begynte på skolen og han ble derfor benyttet som ’hjelpelærer’ i lesing for andre barn, forteller Ole A. Torgersrud i minneordet om ham.

Regning derimot fikk han lære lite av – på skolen var det bare en eneste regnebok den tiden (1880-åra) – og den var det bare gardmannsbarn som fikk bruke. Han lærte seg derfor regning seinere.

Han arbeidde på Dale, Ottbragden, flere år i Skåbu og på Sør-Fron. Han var også på Aulestad i Gausdal og på dampsaga på Lillehammer. I 1907 arbeidde han på jernbanen i Hallingdal.
Om sommeren var det ofte nybrottsarbeid (åkerland) og om vinteren tømmerhogging.

1905 kjøpte han Haugalykkja, brøt 15 mål ny jord, bygde nye hus og ei lita seter ved Thokampen.
Mye av tida drev han likevel med kleberarbeid.

Han laget som nevnt også vedovner og elektriske kleberovner.

Kleberovner leverte han bl.a. til Sigrid Undset, Olav Aukrust og Inge Krokann
Eg har da gjort litt for diktarane , eg og” humra han.
  Vertshuset Sinclair, Kvam  
  Pillarguri Café, Otta  
  Pillarguri Skifer (Pillarguri Slate)  
  Gudbrandsdalslaget i USA (Gudbrandsdalen Society in the USA)  
  Gudbrandsdalslaget in the USA celebrated its 100th. Anniversary in 2009

It was founded in Minneapolis.
The 12th. of September 1909 is regarded as the founding date. The Society was an amalgamation of the Fargo Society in North Dakota and the Kringen Society in Wisconsin with Pastor Lars P. Thorkveen as its first President (President from 1909 until his death in 1923).

The aim of the Society should be to maintain the bonds with Norway and be somewhere that immigrants from Norway, particularly those from Gudbrandsdalen, could meet.

The 100th. Anniversary was celebrated between the 5th. - 8th. August in St. Paul. Read more about the programme here.

The President Jim Olsen, together with a group from the Society, paid a relatively long visit to Gudbrandsdalen in 2009.

The Society is planning a visit to Kringen and Norway in connection with the 400th. Anniversary in 2012.
In this respect Jim Olsen was in Otta in April 2010 and May 2011 and received information about the arrangements for the coming occasion.

USA - Gudbrandsdalen Society’s banner from 1969
- with Pillarguri as the central design.


The Society played an important part in the 300th. Anniversary in 1912 (see the text in the box on the right).

The leader at that time, Lars Paalson Thorkveen, was decorated with the Order of St. Olav by King Haakon VII, and the Society received the Norwegian flag from 14 districts in Gudbrandsdalen

Close ties to Gudbrandsdalen - Kristen Holbø’s Pillarguri Monument at Kringen in Sel.

Lars Paalson Thorkveen was, as has already been said, the first President - and one of the first tasks was to collect 200 dollars for the erection of the Pillarguri Monument at Kringen in Sel.
(A considerablei sum of money one hundred years ago. At that time the monument cost 2250,- kroner, plus 400,- kroner in payment to the sculptor Kristen Holbø, according to Ola Tamburstuen).

Three years later Thorkveen travelled to Norway to attend the unveiling of the Monument by King Haakon VII at Kringen in 1912.

  Pillarguri - Coat of Arms of Sel kommune  

  Pillarguri-days in Sel kommune  
  Pillarguridagene arrangeres hvert år rundt den 26. august, datoen for slaget i Kringom i 1612


2011 Hege Schøyen
Tora Berger
Wenche Myhre
Kristin Krohn Devold
Mari Maurstad
Liv Signe Navarsete
Marit Breivik
Shabana Rehman
Kari Traa
Mari Boine
Trine Hattestad
Anne-Cath. Vestly
Åse Kleveland
Wenche Foss
Annbjørg Lien
Rosemarie Køhn


Prisen deles ut «til en kvinne som i kraft av sitt mot og virke er et forbilde for oss andre».

  Pillarguri Badmintonklubb  
  Lodge Kringen  
  Lodge Sinklarstøtten  

Background - The Battle - Myths?Significance - Objects - Literature - Scotland - Programme2012


Updated: 23. juni 2013


Web: Geir Neverdal (lektor/cand.philol) - Sel Historielag